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北美托福综合写作真题及范文

2017-01-14 15:37来源:镇江新航道精英教育编辑:镇江新航道精英教育中心

 托福综合写作题目:Summarize the points made in the lecture you just heard, explaining how they cast doubt on points made in the reading passage.

  Reading:

  You will have 3 minutes to read the passage.

  The term “database” is one of the many increasingly common words dealing with technology coined in our time. The term refers to an organized collection of data. The data is typically organized to model relevant aspects of reality in a way that supports processes requiring this information. The modem medical field in particular has benefited a great deal from this innovation.

  Traditionally, medical data was usually recorded on paper, which naturally required an adequate supply of paper and enough space for its storage. So, hospitals had to spend a lot of money on purchasing the paper, having it delivered, and storing it. In addition, paper was made from processed wood, and was not environmentally friendly. Thankfully, due to the advancements in record-keeping technology, if we need to look up a patient's medical history, there's no need to waste time and energy storing and referencing paper records; we can simply search a database to find the required information. In this way, computer-based databases of medical records are more economical and efficient than traditional paper records.

  Precision is a necessity in the medical field, as any tiny mistake could become life-threatening. The traditional way of documenting medical records on paper increased the probability of handwritten mistakes. Conversely, when medical records are stored in a database, all records are entered directly into computers, and the computers process the whole message at once. This eliminates common handwriting mistakes and in doing so, leads to better medical care for patients.

  No advanced medical accomplishments can be achieved without years of research. However, research requires numerous experiments and the resulting quantities of data can be difficult for humans to analyze on their own. With the assistance of medical databases and modem computing power, scientists can analyze these vast stores of data in greater depth and with greater speed than ever before, which can lead to medical breakthroughs that benefit all of humanity.

 

  托福综合写作满分范文

  In the reading passage, the author mentions that “database” means an organized collection of data and it particularly benefits modem medicine in many ways. The professor disagrees, and points out flaws with the computerized database approach.

  First, the reading suggests that the use of paper for medical records is inefficient, expensive, and bad for the environment; in contrast, the use of databases to store medical records is more economical and efficient. Countering this argument, the professor says that doctors are used to jotting down their findings on paper, and it is inconvenient for them to log onto a computer and type in data that could have been written by hand much faster.

  The next point in the reading is that traditionally, medical data was recorded by hand, and was prone to life-threatening errors just because of sloppy handwriting being misread. On the other hand, the professor argues, digital medical databases will do little to solve this problem. He points out that most doctors have nurses or assistants transcribe their handwritten notes into computers anyway, meaning the likelihood of handwriting being misread is still quite high.

  Finally, the author suggests that medical record databases are much more convenient for ongoing scientific research, as this information is more easily accessible for analysis. But in the lecture, it’s pointed out that medical records are confidential by law, so most researchers will never have access to information on a medical database anyway. Therefore, databases are not helping to solve any current problems.

 

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