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托福口语独立题解析之friendship

2017-01-20 09:18来源:镇江新航道精英教育编辑:镇江新航道精英教育中心

友谊的小船,说翻就翻呀!其实在托福口语考试中,关于友谊的小船这个话题,托福口语的Task1&2都考察过。我们一起来回顾一下之前考过的关于friendship托福口语话题

Task 1

What is the most effective way to resolve disagreements between friends?Explain why. Please include details and examples in your explanation.

Task 2

When you are having disagreement with your friend, which do you think is a better place to solve the problem: a private room or a public place like a cafe or restaurant?

同样这两道题目的核心词都有resolve disagreements ,但是各自又保留了不同题型的特点。比如这个the most effective way ,就是Task 1的一件事类型。在课上一直强调这种题型是第一题的高频题,标志就是会出现a/an/the most /one way。

而Task 2 的resolve disagreements是问,哪个地方能更好地解决问题?所以该题是一道地点选择的题目。并且出现了二选一的标志better 。那么可以不可以把意见不合,意见分歧”分类,究竟是针对什么事情发生了分歧,决定了我们最后会倾向于选择某个场所呢?在口语回答中严重不建议,还是尽量选边站,不要搞分类讨论那么麻烦了——45秒钟对于大部分同学来说根本来不及讨论第二种情况就到时间了,顿时方了。

 

解题素材

托福TPO口语.没有哪一个托儿不刷TPO的吧!如果大家有练习TPO中的综合口语题,千万不要随便说一下就完了!记住综合题中的表达以及内容完全可以改变成独立口语中精彩回答。仔细研究听力文本并且模仿其中的语音语调,一定会有极大的收获。

 

Task 1答案

I recently had a disagreement with a close friend. Last weekend, we decided to watch a movie together in my house and later we got into an argument because we couldn’t decide on what movie to watch.

There was a good deal of uncontrolled emotion on my side. I wasn’t expressing myself well and I knew it. I became more and more frustrated and less effective at explaining my feelings. Suddenly, I stopped, and thought about why I were so upset.Then I realized my reaction was really inappropriate. So I stopped arguing with my friend, and apologized to her. I told her how anxious she felt about my study and exams , and she encouraged me, saying I was already great at the moment!

I was embarrassed and grateful, but I realized I needed to evaluate a few of my shortcomings to avoid making the same mistake again.I also realized that what I was feeling wasn’t the problem.It was my inability to effectively convey what was in my heart and on my mind that led to hurt feelings and further misunderstanding.

After much self examination, I’ve come up with the tip to solve the conflict: communicate effectively , and consider if you have a good handle on your emotions.

 

Task 2解析

今天要跟大家详细分析的是Task 2中的二选一题型

1.对于二选一的题目,回答的第一句话一定要出现有比较,选择,倾向性的词,比如

I prefer A.

I think A is better/ more efficient/ more effective

A is defintely my preferance/ A is more preferable

than可以加than B来作比较——如果是语速较慢的同学就还是算了吧!

2.变换表达

换同义词:having a disagreement可以变成:

A. be in/have/hold B. different/distinct/conflicting

C. opinions/views/perspectives

换近义词:better不妨变成:more efficient/ more effective

变换表述:

A. prefer a private/public space不妨变成:prefer to/ doing in private/ in public

B. solve the problem不妨变成:deal with/ resolve/ settle/ address/ handle/ discuss/ talk about the problem/issue(有点过于正式)——换动词;

C. 变换主动被动关系:have the problem/ issue/ disagreement solved/ resolved

中文变换:未必非得说“解决分歧”,也可以是

A. 最终结果: "达成一致" reach an agreement

B. 最终结果: “形成结论” come to a conclusion, make a final decision

C. 过程中: “表达不同的意见/看法” - express/ indicate/ show/ voice disagreement

 

Task 2学生精彩回答

观点:a private room更好

I’d like to choose a private room rather than a public place to deal with the problem(替换表达)with my friend because a private room is quiet enough for us to hear each other so that the dialogue can be conducted more smoothly and the problem will be settled down more efficiently.(观点+原因+对比论证的回答一气呵成,托福口语中一定要锻炼讲原因的能力)

For example, last month, my best friend, Jenny, and I had a disagreement over the choice of the drama played in class.(具体的事例法)So we decided to have a meal in a restaurant to talk about it. But it ended up as an unpleasant one due to the noisy environment. Both of us were annoyed at that moment, let alone solved the problem. By contrast, after returning to the dormitory, where we felt more comfortable to talk, we finally reached an agreement.

 

 

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