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2017年5月20日托福写作真题解析

2017-05-23 09:50来源:镇江新航道精英教育编辑:镇江新航道精英教育中心

托福考试写作部分包括两道试题,需在大约50分钟的时间内完成。独立写作试题部分需30分钟的时间,需要考生根据自己的知识和经验陈述、解释并支持对待某一问题的某个看法。通常有效的回答应是一篇300个单词左右的作文。此外,考生有20分钟的时间来总结听力材料中的要点,并解释这些要点与阅读材料中的要求有何不同。

 

20170520日 托福写作考题回忆

综合

阅读:针对海洋生物大量死亡,提出了三种理论

1.    他们住在lagoon里,跟海洋连接,有海水流进去,后来发生地震切断了与海洋的连接,导致水干了,他们就都死。

2.    致死的病毒导致的。并类比了,现在dolphin 的例题,他们也是病毒致死的

3.    algal boom.海藻疯长,小的动物吃海藻,海藻产生毒素,捕食者又吃小动物,所以都被毒死了。                                             

听力:阅读三种理论站不住脚

1. 如果水干了的话,会产生minerals ,但是实际上并没有发现,所以阅读的假设不成立。

2. 病毒也不可能。因为病毒不可能导致大面积的生物死亡,它只会想象一个种类,不同的动物种类差异太大。

3. 海藻确实可以产生毒素,但是问题是有一些并不吃动物的食草动物,但是它们也死亡了,所以对于这一点,不能得到合理的解释。

 

Sample Answer:

 

The reading lists three reason of the decline of marine organism and the professor contradicts all those theories perspectively.

 

First, the professor fights against the reason in the reading that the earthquake cut down the connection between two parts of water, which directly caused the death. She explains that the minerals would have occurred at that point if there were no water, but actually, we didn’t find any mineral there. Hence, what the reading passage indicates are not convincing.

 

As to the deadly virus, the professor also makes it impossible for the reason that the virus couldn’t kill most sea animals there; rather, they may just kill certain specie due to the huge difference between species. That is to say, even the example of dolphin mentioned in the passage cannot explain this phenomenon.

 

Third, about the algal boom. The passage insists that the small animals was infected by the virus in alga, and soon spread to the predators. However, the professor mentions a fact that those herbivore who had no chance to be infected were also killed. Therefore, the booming of alga cannot explain why those herbivore also dead in this part of ocean.

 (words:194)

独立

At some universities, students take part in making decisions about the issues that affect daily life of everyone on campus, such as how many hours that the libraries should be open each day or what kinds of food should be served in the cafeteria. But at some universities, experts are hired to make these decisions, students almost never involved. Which approach do you prefer and why.                                        解题思路:

同意学生做决定:

1.    更方便学生的生活和学习   2. 为学校节约资金     3. 让步,学生的决定也要慎重考虑。

 

Sample Answer:

Even though overprotective education has been opposed for most modern educational theories, some parents, even some universities authorities, still keep the students out of decision-making. As a college student, I strongly fight against those so-called protect and ask for being the master of my own school life.

 

I think the worst consequence is that students may lose their ability to make decision alone if they are not allowed to arrange their college events. College students are almost at the age over 16 and most of them are persons of full age and capacity, whose rights approved by laws. At the end of school time in their life, they have been taught how to make right decision for many years and of course, they have learned how to be responsible for their own behaviors. However, if this chance is deprived, they will feel frustrated after graduation due to the lack of certain ability to arrange their work and life, let alone being the principal of the whole working project. Since the laws have already recognized their ability, there is no reason for the school to object.

 

Apart from the capacity-building, enrollment rate is another factor that can’t be ignored. According to the recent survey conducted by National Education Sector, only 30% of universities whose student unions are authorized to make the daily decision, while the number of applicants who claim that they took the decision-making program into consideration when submitting applications tops 80%. That means the amount of ideal universities cannot meet the need of those strongly-desired applicants. Therefore, letting students to make own decisions on school events is absolutely a good way for those university who want to attract more students.

 

Some may worry that decision given by students may have one or two downsides. For instance, some students might take it personally by considering their own benefit rather than public interest. However, in light of above-mentioned possibility, I suggest that the school authority to build up a supervisory mechanism, and make a rule that those important events should be publicly displayed and encourage other students to get involved in supervision. Thus, this practice will leave nothing to be worried about.

 

Therefore, even though many jobs came together to make a school a school, but a school becomes a promised land only when students who study in it try to make themselves the owners.

(words:394)

                                     




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