镇江新航道精英教育中心

0511-88690665

您当前的位置 » 主页 > 托福 > 托福机经 >

2017年5月13日托福写作真题解析

2017-05-20 10:39来源:镇江新航道精英教育编辑:镇江新航道精英教育中心

托福考试写作部分包括两道试题,需在大约50分钟的时间内完成。独立写作试题部分需30分钟的时间,需要考生根据自己的知识和经验陈述、解释并支持对待某一问题的某个看法。通常有效的回答应是一篇300个单词左右的作文。此外,考生有20分钟的时间来总结听力材料中的要点,并解释这些要点与阅读材料中的要求有何不同。

 

20170513日 托福写作考题回忆

综合

阅读:金字塔中转轴的意图

1.作为一种通风设备,在金字塔底层房间会有很多工作烟雾(因为照明),所以shaft可以达到通风效果

2.和星星位置有关系,赋予宗教含义

3.作为一种通道,让国王的灵魂来世可以进来

听力:并不赞同

1.    外部的空气渗透到上层房间就停止

2.    并没有任何科学记载,证明和星星联系。并没有任何宗教含义。

3.    通道的门经常是处于封闭状态,并没有来世灵魂进入这一说法。

Sample Answer

Both the reading passage and the lecture discuss the functions of the shafts found in the Great Pyramid. However, the lecture questions the accuracy of the theories proposed in the reading one by one.

 

In the first place, whereas the author argues that the shafts are built for ventilation, the speaker refutes this for two reasons. Firstly, unlike the higher shafts, the shafts of the lower chamber are unable to reach the outer wall, which makes it impossible to bring in fresh air. Secondly, since the four shafts are quite similar, they are likely to have the same function. But in this case, only two of them are capable of bringing in fresh air, while the others are not. For these reasons, the lecturer asserts that these shafts are not for ventilation.

 

In the second place, the lecturer discounts the reading passage’s claim that there’s a link between the shafts and the alignment of stars. He goes on to say that the connection between stars and gods didn’t appear until the later period of ancient Egypt. Nevertheless, the pyramid was built during the earlier years and the star alignment theory simply didn’t exist at that time. This directly contradicts the reading passage which states that the shafts are built for religious reasons.

 

The final point on which the author and the lecturer disagree with each other is whether the shafts are built in order to help king’s soul travel to afterlife. The reading makes the claim that these shafts are likely to be passageways for the king’s soul. In contrast, the lecturer contends it doesn’t necessarily mean the passageway should be an actual shaft. He gives an example of other pyramids building symbolic passageways for their dead kings, which indicates that ancient Egyptians believed souls could easily cross through walls and did not need any actual passageway. This goes against the idea in the reading passage.

(315 words)

 

 

 

独立

Which one of the following values is the most important to share with a young child(5-10 years old)?

1.being helpful

2.Being honest

3.Being well organized

解题思路:

being helpful

1.    可以帮助到他人,获得他人的认可

2.    自己同时获得成就感,培养正确价值观

3.    这个年龄段的小孩很难做到完全照顾自己,良好的组织能力对他们而言有些难度

Sample Answer

Childhood is the golden age of people’s lives because it is a time of physical growth and great leaps forward intellectually and socially. Being helpful, honest and well organized are values that parents and educators try to instill in children from a very young age, but I would argue that among these values, honesty would be the most important one to share with a young child.

 

First and foremost, honesty is the cardinal principle of conducting oneself. Imparting honesty into children can hold them accountable for their behavior and teach them how to distinguish right from wrong from a young age. Unlike adults, children are normally unaware of the consequence of telling lies, and teaching them the value of honesty can help them realize how to act with integrity and confidence. For example, children who are conscious of being honest are more likely to contribute positively to the whole society in the future and will never defraud their clients and customers in workplace. In contrast, students who are dishonest may plagiarize other people’s thesis and fail to achieve success even though they perform well at school. 

 

Besides, being honest can help us win the trust and respect from others, even from those who are unfamiliar with us. It is widely known that childhood is an important period for children to learn lifelong social and emotional skills they need. Therefore, making them capable of being honest helps children learn how to behave in a more socially acceptable way. Just imagine, an honest child always gets along well with everyone at school, with a bunch of good friends around him. When he grows up, people are more willing to collaborate with him as well as to give him a hand when he gets into troubles. On the contrary, a dishonest child will be looked down upon by others and be regarded as a public enemy.

 

Undeniably, being helpful and well organized are both important qualities, which do benefit children in their own way. The young generation can learn responsibility and find enjoyment in helping others. But the fact is, 5 to 10-year-old children are too young to be able to take care of themselves, not to speak of giving a hand to other people. As for the organizational skill, it just makes little sense since kids of that age are naturally active and naughty. Overemphasis on children’s organizational ability would have an adverse impact on their growth. If children are required to be well organized at any time, their creativity and imagination will be stifled.

 

To sum up, I’m not saying that being helpful and well-organized are of no use, but compared to the importance of honesty, these two values can be crossed off the priority list.

(456 words)

 




更多镇江新航道精英教育雅思托福课程资料点击咨询或者拨打咨询热线:0511—88690665

扫一扫二维码获取更多镇江新航道精英教育资讯

镇江新航道精英教育

 

 

镇江新航道精英教育雅思托福学习中心地址:镇江万达广场B01幢交通银行2楼.
电话:0511-88690665 咨询qq:3552809875
© 2009-2017 www.zj-xhd.com All Rights Reserved.苏ICP备16063450号